INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC COMITTEE
The first step in the process of becoming an Olympic sport is recognition as a sport from the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The IOC requires that the activity have administration by an international nongovernmental organization that oversees at least one sport. Once a sport is recognized, it then moves to International Sports Federation (IF) status.
INTERNATIONAL SPORT FEDERATION
To be recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), an International Sports Federation (IF) must comply with a stringent set of criteria. These criteria comprise universality, popularity, governance, athlete welfare and development. Before an IF can be considered by the IOC, the sport it governs must be practised and organised in more than 50 countries worldwide. Furthermore, the federation must
- have an anti-doping policy which is compliant with the World Anti-Doping Agency;
- stage regular world and continental championships;
- be committed to youth development;
- have robust and independent governance structures.
Olympic Charter Rules 26 and 27 govern the recognition of an IF by the IOC. Rules 29 and 30 address the recognition of the IFs’ member national federations by the National Olympic Committees.
NATIONAL SPORT FEDERATION
The national federations administering those sports are affiliated to the International Sports Federations.